Monday, 25 May 2015

Children Sorting It Out : A.J. Ashworth’s ‘Sometimes Gulls Kill Other Gulls’

     Some short story collections open with a very strong story that takes you by surprise, to the point of making you wonder whether the writer would live up to the expectations thus raised, as you read the stories that follow. ‘Sometimes Gulls Kill Other Gulls’ in A.J. Ashworth’s collection of stories Somewhere Else, Or Even Here was one that had such an effect on me. It made me doubt whether it was humanly possible to be so consistently brilliant in all the fourteen stories in the collection. My doubts were proven wrong. It was not just that the other stories were as good, but there were some that even surpassed the structural and thematic originality of the first, like ‘The Future Husband’, ‘Paper Lanterns’, ‘Bone Fire’, ‘Tattoo’, ‘Offerings’ and ‘Overnight Miracles’, to mention just the ones that bowled me over.
      'Sometimes Gulls Kill Other Gulls’ remains my favorite though. I would remember the author and the book for this opening story, in the years to come. The title drew me in instantly, and the casual, understated observations that later progressed to a chilling narration of a totally unexpected turn of events on a beach in a rainy evening kept me on tenterhooks. 
     In an interview with the writer/academic Adnan Mahmutovic, Ashworth reflects on her approach to short fiction:          

I start small and stay small. I don’t really think about the larger life and take a chunk of that; I just automatically see the fragment and explore that. For me, it’s like the idea of the microcosm and the macrocosm. The microcosm or little world will always contain enough detail to hint at that bigger world. A grain of sand contains aspects of the shell or rock from which it came, as well as the beach and ocean (to paraphrase Steven Millhauser).
This explains how the story works. Though it is narrated in third person, it explores the point of view of the young girl Lainey for most part. She is shown self-indulgently drawing her name on the beach sand with a stick, being aware of her dad “asleep on a towel the colour of dull grass” and her mother reading “the magazine that’s collapsed in her lap like a huge, tired butterfly”. As an intrusion to this state of bliss comes a local boy a couple of years older than her. Just like any other girl would, Lainey resists this intrusion of her space by the boy, who introduces himself as Jeremy. But she also experiences a pull towards the strange, unknown world Jermey represents and tries to describe.
     When Jeremy mentions that gulls kill each other at times, she tries to counter that. When he describes such an incident in which a gull dies with its eye hanging out, she thinks it’s disgusting. When he reveals that it was he who put it out of its misery by stamping on its head, she observes that he was wrong then about gulls killing other gulls.  

     Jeremy entices her with the description of rock pools and a cave away from the visibility of her parents. In an adventurous spirit, she follows him, without taking permission from her parents who are asleep now. Once in the cave, she feels at ease for a while, as long as they enjoy the innocent exploration of the hidden world. Then they come across an old Labrador trapped in the pool. It is unable to come out of the cold water, and is about to die. Lainey’s earnest efforts to save it are mocked by Jeremy, though he seems to know how to deal with the dog better than her. She takes charge, asks him to hold the dog’s head up as she goes in search of her stick which she left near the rocks. Once she is out of the cave, she realizes the passing of time, and there are dark clouds. When she comes back with the stick, the dog is dead, and she suspects that Jeremy killed it.
     Lainey argues with Jeremy and threatens to go out and tell what he did, to the man she thinks is the owner of the dog. It is then that Jeremy shows a different face:
‘I’m going to tell that man,’ she says, her voice strong again. ‘And I’m going to tell him what you’ve done.’ She marches towards the opening.
He sticks his leg out so she can’t get past. ‘You’re not.’
She pushes at his leg, but he steps in front of her, still looking at the ground.
‘I’m,’ she says.
He speaks again, so low this time that at first she doesn’t understand what he’s said. Then her brain makes sense of it. ‘What if I push you in the water with that dog?’
Lainey sees the shadows on the rocky walls of the cave and how they lurch and stagger from side to side. Her heart taps inside her like fingers on a window. ‘What?’ she says, noticing how Jeremy seems bigger now, so that she can hardly see the way out at all.
‘I could,’ he says, ‘push you in.’
Just as Lainey considers using her stick in self defense, she is relieved to hear noises outside and her dad comes in to save her from the situation. Something changes among the kids that moment at which both were up to harm the other, and it seemed danger, or even death, was just a second away.
…Jeremy’s shoulders drop and he stands aside to let her pass, presses his back into the cave wall.
‘I wasn’t going to do anything,’ he says, in the same quiet way. ‘I wouldn’t have touched you.’
Once she escapes from the situation, Lainey is eager to go home, leaving behind her stick, her name written on the beach, the dead dog, the man calling out for it, and Jeremy.
     The title of the story has a menacing effect during the climax. The mystery about Jeremy, as seen through the eyes of Lainey, contributes a lot to the tension. It is not clear whether Jeremy is really harmful or just a small kid trying desperately to impress a younger girl in his own ways. His big talk has an effect too, though Lainey is always on the defensive. There is a moment when a reader might wonder Lainey would overreact and put Jeremy’s life in danger. That is a moment when the story escapes a bit from Lainey’s view of the situation. 

     Despite the notion of danger that lurks in the background, Ashworth narrates the charming ways in which children connect, though fleetingly, beyond their disparate life circumstances. It can be considered a coming of age story as well, despite its length of just above twelve pages. Just as Ashworth reflects, a small fragment of life is her concern here, but there is a lot about the larger aspects of life in that fragment. However, there is no attempt to present it as a cautionary tale, or to limit it wholly to the perspective of the privileged class. She keeps the story open-ended. Jeremy is an intriguing character, and though his motives remain vague, he is capable of taking charge and keeping at least a few situations under control. His acts can have multilayered interpretations, just as the acts of Lainey. While it is not an easy task to tell an entire story from the perspective of a child and to hint at social and class differences, Ashworth succeeds wholly in the task by juxtaposing conflicting dialogues, images and ways of thinking entirely from the world of children.


  1. A review however good it may be, cannot capture the true effect of the work it comments on. Yet my heart was racing as i read this.. what fascinated me the most was the way in which Ashworth has built up the menacing effect the story has upon it's readers.. by a careful layering.. right from the setting, the beach to the simple act of writing one's name on the sand.. which would inevitably be erased by the waves without leaving a trace of its existence, to the sleeping parents who are oblivious to their child's 'adventure', the guest who turns hostile, his story of the gulls, the cave, the helplessness of the dog.. I wonder how brilliant the rest of the stories would be.. looking forward to read it some day! :)

    1. Thanks so much for the 'close-reading' of the review Lissy Jose. I am flattered that you could get a lot of significant insights to the story from it. As you have observed, it is never possible for a review to capture the true effect of a story, and in this case, it's a sophisticated and open ended story. This book is highly recommended - I'm sure that you will love all the stories in it. Wish we could resuscitate the Writers Forum and discuss such brilliant books... Now, the only way is to do it online!

  2. This brilliant review is as gripping as the story seems to be. The brilliant interplay of light and tense moments projected through the viewpoint of children makes the work really interesting. Jose, you have so finely captures the finer nuances of the story to arouse interest in the readers to lay their hands on this brilliant collection. The collection as seen through your review is an interesting peek into the psychology of children that the brilliant young writer has woven with her imagination pen power. Looking forward to read this interesting collection...

  3. Thank you so much Zahid! Yes, I felt Ashworth is really good at exploring the minds of children and adolescents. But there are many stories that deal with experiences of mature people as well. She's a keen observer and has many original ideas. I look forward to reading more by her in the years to come. Try to get a copy of this collection - it can be a treasured possession.